How soon can I find out how much my property taxes will be?
Who decides the amount of my property taxes each year?
The Property Appraiser sends a Truth in Millage (TRIM) Notice to all property owners as required by law, usually in August of each year.
This notice is very important. You will recognize it by the 'DO NOT PAY - THIS IS NOT A BILL' statement on the envelope and document.
The TRIM Notice shows you the taxable value of your property and provides information on proposed millage rates and taxes as estimated
by each Brevard County taxing authority, which includes the County Commission, School Board, Cities, etc.
The TRIM Notice also gives you information on proposed millage rates and taxes as estimated by your county taxing authorities. It also
shows you when and where these authorities will hold public meetings to discuss tentative budgets and set your final tax millage rates.
NOTE: The TRIM notice only shows proposed taxes that are based on your property's value (ad-valorem taxes).
It does not show non-ad-valorem taxes, which are fee-based rather than value based.
How is my property tax determined?
The tax rate (millage) is set by the various taxing authorities including the County Commission, Cities, School Board, and Special Districts -
all of which are authorized by law to levy taxes on real estate and tangible personnel property to fund their operations and services.
As part of their budget process, these taxing authorities set millage rates based on their determination of what services are needed,
and the cost of those services. They set the rate by dividing their total budget by the taxable value of all property within the taxing district.
Why is my home's insurance value less than the Property Appraiser's value?
Your tax bill, which is mailed each year in November by the Tax Collector, is calculated by multiplying your property's taxable value (appraised value less
any caps and exemptions) times the tax rate (millage) set by each taxing district in which your property is located. This part of your tax bill
is the 'ad valorem' portion, which essentially means 'based on value'; it is based on the taxable value of your property.
Another part of your tax bill is fee based rather than value based. This part of your tax bill may include solid waste collection and disposal fees,
stormwater assessments, special assessments, and any other taxes authorized to be levied on your property that are not based on the value of your
Insurance appraisals do not usually include land value and foundation costs. Property
insurance is usually intended for repairing or replacing structures on property. In most situations, land and foundations
are still usable after a catastrophic event to structures. Your insurance policy may differ.
What is the difference between market, assessed, taxable, and agricultural values?
Why is the Property Appraiser's market value higher than what I paid for the property?
Market Value: The expected net proceeds to the seller if the property was sold under typical market conditions.
The appraisal date is January 1 of each year, which is nearly a year before tax bills are mailed. Market conditions may change during that time.
Assessed Value - Non-School Board: the capped value (or use value, such as agricultural) before other
exemptions are applied (such as Homestead Exemption) used to calculate the non-school-board portion of property taxes.
Assessed Value - School Board: the capped value (or use value, such as agricultural) before other exemptions
are applied (such as Homestead Exemption) used to calculate the school-board portion of property taxes. Certain exemptions, including the
additional Homestead Exemption, are not included in the taxable value used to calculate school-board taxes.
Taxable Value - School Board: The value, after all caps and exemptions have been applied, that is used to
calculate the school-board portion of property taxes.
Taxable Value - Non-School Board: The value, after all caps and exemptions have been applied, that is used to
calculate the non-school-board portion of property taxes.
While market-value assessments are based on the most probable price at which properties
would sell according to their highest and most profitable use, properties receiving an agricultural classification are assessed based on
the income potential of the property as farmed. [ more ]
Why did the market value on my property increase so much in one year?
Market value (also known as 'Just value' in Florida law) is based on the net proceeds sellers receive after paying typical costs in completing what is known as an 'arms-length transaction'.
An arms-length transaction is a sale in which the parties involved are knowledgeable and acting in their own best interest and not in favor to
one another. The transaction participants must not be under duress to buy or sell. The property must have been available on the open market for
sale for a reasonable amount of time, with adequate market exposure to potential buyers, and under typical terms.
Market value - whether for private appraisal or for assessment purposes - is based on selling price under typical market conditions and not on
an individual sale. By definition, market value may be more or less than the actual sale price of a particular property because conditions of
that particular sale may differ from what is typical in the market for similar properties. Also, sometimes a buyer pays above or below market
value for a multitude of reasons.
The Property Appraiser's estimates of market value are based on typical market conditions as of January 1 of each year - eleven
months prior to when you receive your tax bill. Market conditions may have changed during that time, sometimes quite significantly.
It is likely that your property had not been re-assessed for several years due to insufficient market transactions to verify
that a change in value was warranted. Sometimes, it takes several years for a sufficient number of sales to take place in a particular market to clearly
indicate a significant movement in market values, either up or down. The previous market value also allowed for some tolerance before an adjustment would
Why did the assessed value on my property increase even though my market value decreased?
Why did my taxes increase even though the taxable value on my property did not?
Prior years increases in your assessed value were limited by Constitutional Amendment 10 (Save Our Homes
and therefore a difference developed between your property's assessed value and market value.
The SOH (Save Our Homes
) cap was intended to prevent abrupt increases in taxable value on
Homestead property when abrupt upward changes in the market occurred.
The Florida Department of Revenue proposed an Administrative Rule which requires the assessed value to be increased annually as long as it is
lower than the market value. That Rule was adopted by the Governor and Cabinet, sitting as the Administrative Commission.
This occurs when taxing authorities increase the tax (millage) rate to raise additional tax revenue, or when they increase their
special non-ad valorem assessment fees on your property. Because of this, sometimes your taxes can go up even when the Property Appraiser's
value for your property has stayed the same or decreased.